No. 3 – On Representative Government

Posted September 5th, 2019

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Author’s Note, May 24, 2020 – I made some changes to the footnotes to include an excerpt from Federalist No. 39, in which James Madison describes how the federal principle is meant to operate in regard to the two houses of Congress and the Electoral College. I also eliminated a duplication, an excerpt from Montesquieu that is referenced in No. 2 – On Federalism. As a result, the position of paragraphs on the pages after page 3 has changed slightly compared to the original version. No significant changes were made to the body of the essay.